Credit Suisse to pay USD196m for providing unregistered services to US clients
Credit Suisse has agreed to pay USD196m and admit wrongdoing to settle SEC charges that it provided cross-border brokerage and investment advisory services to US clients without registering with the commission.
According to the SEC’s order instituting settled administrative proceedings, Credit Suisse provided cross-border securities services to thousands of US clients and collected fees totalling approximately USD82m without adhering to the registration provisions of the federal securities laws.
Credit Suisse relationship managers traveled to the US to solicit clients, provide investment advice, and induce securities transactions. These relationship managers were not registered to provide brokerage or advisory services, nor were they affiliated with a registered entity. The relationship managers also communicated with clients in the US through overseas e-mails and phone calls.
“The broker-dealer and investment adviser registration provisions are core protections for investors,” says Andrew J Ceresney, director of the SEC’s division of enforcement. “As Credit Suisse admitted as part of the settlement, its employees for many years failed to comply with these requirements, and the firm took far too long to achieve compliance.”
According to the SEC’s order, Credit Suisse began conducting cross-border advisory and brokerage services for US clients as early as 2002, amassing as many as 8,500 US client accounts that contained an average total of USD5.6bn in securities assets. The relationship managers made approximately 107 trips to the US during a seven-year period and provided broker-dealer and advisory services to hundreds of clients they visited. Credit Suisse was aware of the registration requirements of the federal securities laws and undertook initiatives designed to prevent such violations. These initiatives largely failed, however, because they were not effectively implemented or monitored.
“As a multinational firm with a significant US presence, Credit Suisse was well aware of the steps that a firm needs to take to legally conduct advisory or brokerage business with US clients,” says Scott W Friestad, an associate director in the SEC’s division of enforcement. “Credit Suisse failed to effectively implement internal controls designed to keep its employees from crossing the line and being non-compliant with the federal securities laws.”
According to the SEC’s order, it was not until after a much-publicised civil and criminal investigation into similar conduct by Swiss-based UBS that Credit Suisse began to take steps in October 2008 to exit the business of providing cross-border advisory and brokerage services to US clients. Although the number of US client accounts decreased beginning in 2009 and the majority were closed or transferred by 2010, it took Credit Suisse until mid-2013 to completely exit the cross-border business as the firm continued to collect broker-dealer and investment adviser fees on some accounts.
Credit Suisse admitted the facts in the SEC’s order, acknowledged that its conduct violated the federal securities laws, accepted a censure and a cease-and-desist order, and agreed to retain an independent consultant. Credit Suisse agreed to pay USD82,170,990 in disgorgement, USD64,340,024 in prejudgment interest, and a USD50m penalty.
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